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Promising Trends in Health Sciences Research at U of M Reflect Vision of Improving Minnesota and Global Health

The University of Minnesota successfully competed for more than $ 1 billion in external research funding in fiscal 2021, a first in the University’s 170-year history. This achievement was motivated, in part, by widespread interest, participation and investment in health science research. At its meeting next Friday, the University of Minnesota Board of Trustees will discuss what University of Minnesota health science researchers accomplished over the past year and what the future holds. to this work at one of the leading research universities in the United States.

Dr. Jakub Tolar, Dean of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Massachusetts and Vice President of Clinical Affairs, will introduce the Regents to the breadth of health science research at the university, a broad scope that almost involves all disciplines of the university and takes advantage of the greatest strengths to achieve superior results. Tolar will also outline his vision for the future to advance healthcare in partnership with state, nation, and the global community to solve health challenges. As Tolar will note in his presentation, this vision aligns with several of the University’s commitments in its system-wide strategic plan, MPact 2025.

The University engages in almost all forms of research in the health sciences, from basic research to translational research, clinical to community. Under this broad umbrella, Tolar’s presentation will note that national trends in health science research have increasingly aligned with the more specific areas of expertise and interests of the University, including: health disparities; underserved and rural populations; diversity, equity and inclusion; involve communities in their health priorities; the implementation and dissemination of basic science, and; digital health and big data, among others.

The unique intersections of these topics with academic expertise have attracted increased funding for health science research at U of M, as well as increased discoveries and high impact scholarships.

The University’s health sciences research has a long and celebrated history of heralded advancements, dating back to innovative medical devices such as the pacemaker and procedures such as open heart surgery and living organ transplants. . Discoveries and innovation during the COVID-19 pandemic, supported by strong research funding and awards, have built on this story. Funding from U of M researchers has made it possible to improve personal protective equipment, explore approaches to better predict COVID-19 outbreaks, understand the biological systems of the virus and the responses of the virus. organization, to deepen knowledge on health disparities and the impacts of the pandemic on various communities, and to conduct in-depth trials of new therapeutic and vaccine candidates.

U of M experts have also led topics relating to aging, quality of life, substance abuse, rural health, health equity, and disease prevention and treatment, ranging from new and rare diseases to cancer and heart health.

As part of its October meetings, the Council is also expected to:

  • Discuss the new cybersecurity certification requirements under the direction of the office of the vice-president, research.
  • Receive an update on the System’s Strategic Enrollment Plan.
  • Discuss key lessons learned from delivering courses during the COVID-19 pandemic, such as best practices for distance or hybrid education.
  • Visit and visit of the University Health Sciences Education Center, which officially opened in fall 2020.
  • Act on the six-year capital plan recommended by the President and 2022 demand for state capital.
  • Discuss the University’s budget model in an overview provided by Vice President and Chief Budget Officer Julie Tonneson.
  • Review the master plan of the Twin Cities campus.
  • Receive an update on the Twin Cities Campus Restoration Program, including the next steps in awarding a contract for restoration operations in the coming years.
  • Act on appointments to the Board of Trustees of the University of Minnesota Foundation.
  • Receive an overview of the Positioned for Excellence, Alignment and Knowledge implementation plan (PEAK) Initiative, a system-wide effort to identify opportunities in non-academic functions to increase efficiency or gain capacity to advance the University’s teaching, research and outreach mission.
  • Begin a series of discussions about diversity, equity and inclusion work on each of the University’s five campuses, starting with a focus on the Twin Cities.

For more information, including times of upcoming meetings, visit regents.umn.edu.


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Saudi Arabia tops Arab countries in world ranking of natural science research

Prince Abdullah bin Faisal bin Turki Al-Saud, former chairman of Saudi Arabia’s General Investment Authority and Saudi ambassador to the United States, was celebrated for his initiatives to strengthen Japanese and Saudi partnerships during a ceremony organized Thursday by the Japanese Embassy in Riyadh.

“For me it is a great honor, we are only doing what any official would do,” Prince Abdullah told Arab News.

“This award means that as Saudi officials we are doing great things with other nations and it is good for all Saudis.”

Japanese Ambassador to Saudi Arabia Fumio Iwai commended Prince Abdullah for his efforts to expand investment opportunities between the two countries by creating an environment conducive to Japanese investment in Saudi Arabia and vice versa.

“I am very happy to have this ceremony for His Highness Prince Abdullah and for his tremendous contribution to strengthening bilateral relations between Japan and Saudi Arabia, especially in the economic, trade and investment fields”, said Iwai.

In his previous role as Chairman of SAGIA, Prince Abdullah provided continued support to Japanese companies. The ambassador also pointed out that more than 100 Japanese companies are currently operating in the Kingdom and have partnered with Saudis.

The Ambassador also shared the progress of the Japan-Saudi Arabia partnership under Vision 2030 and its achievements in the field of energy and infrastructure in emerging areas such as blue or green energy, entertainment, health and sport.

In his acceptance speech, Prince Abdullah highlighted the collaborative efforts of each individual and their roles in strengthening partnerships through various projects.

“It is honoring and appreciating the great cooperation policies that we had in Saudi Arabia and in the rest of the world before oil and projects,” Prince Abdullah said.

“It is remarkable that Saudi Arabia has been one of the most successful countries in developing its foreign relations.”

Government officials, as well as businessmen and officials, attended the event to show their support.

One of the participants, Prince Turki Al-Faisal, expressed his support for Prince Abdullah.

“He is a worthy servant of Saudi Arabia who has dedicated his life to the service of his king and his country and he well deserves this award,” said Prince Turki.

“This award is also an indication of the close relationship between Saudi Arabia and Japan which has grown stronger over the years.”


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Data Science Research Guide | Westminster College

Documentary sources, such as encyclopedias and specialized dictionaries, are an essential part of the research process. They can help you:

  • Gather information about your topic and understand the scope of the research.
  • Locate reliable sources and clarify the keywords.
  • Identify the authors, texts, ideas and important keywords relevant to the research area. Knowing the main phrases and concepts will help you a lot when searching for library databases and online sources.

Reference Credo

Credo Reference is a multi-publisher collection of high quality reference titles. The titles available also include a range of multimedia options, including thousands of high-quality diagrams, photographs, maps and audio files.

Credo includes several books on data science topics. You can search for Credo or view subject pages. Topic pages are great places to get a general overview and recommended reading for your topic.

Find a Credo reference

View Data Science Thematic Pages

Printed and electronic books are valuable sources for academic research. They will help you get an overview of your topic and often contain detailed information about the scholarship or history of research on a topic. Some books are written by a single author, while others include essays or chapters written by several researchers within the same discipline. Don’t be intimidated by the length of the books, because you don’t have to read them cover to cover. Consult the table of contents and index to find the sections relevant to your work.

Finding Books Using GriffinSearch

GriffinSearch is a good place to start if you are looking for books, journal articles, films, and other material available in the library. In addition to searching for physical records in the Giovale Library catalog, GriffinSearch finds eBooks and articles in many of our databases. To get started, search by keyword or enter a book title here:

WorldCat

WorldCat allows you to search for books, articles, videos, and other materials available in libraries around the world. If you do extensive research on a topic and plan to request resources through interlibrary loan, WorldCat can help you discover resources that may not be in the Giovale Library collection.

Search WorldCat

Interlibrary loan (ILL)

Interlibrary loan is a service that allows patrons of one library to borrow books and other materials, and to access journal articles belonging to another library.

Explore interlibrary loan materials

Utah University Libraries Consortium

Giovale Library participates in the Utah Academic Library Consortium (UALC) and Westminster College students have reciprocal circulation privileges at UALC partner libraries. Each UALC library has different circulation policies, but all require a valid, legal photo ID and current proof of registration at Westminster. Some libraries may also require other verification methods, so it is recommended that you contact the member library you are interested in for more details.

Discover the Consortium

Popular titles and featured texts

Introduction to the database management system

Learn more

The Giovale Library provides access to a number of subject databases that you can use to find journal articles on topics in a specific discipline or field of study. The databases listed on this page are the most useful for finding published research in the field of data science.

GriffinResearch

GriffinSearch is a good place to start if you are looking for books, journal articles, films, and other material available in the library. In addition to searching for physical records in the Giovale Library catalog, GriffinSearch finds eBooks and articles in many of our databases.

Griffin Research

Google AI

Google has compiled information and exercises to help you develop machine learning skills.

Google AI search

KDnuggets

KDnuggets is a discussion and learning website for business analytics, data mining, and data science.

Search for KDnuggets

Open data science

Open Data Science is a community for Big Data practitioners.

Open Data Science Research

Citing your sources helps you avoid plagiarism and shows that you have researched your topic better. Appropriate citations allow your readers to locate your sources and help them understand how your research relates to the work of others in your field. On this page, you’ll find guides and tools to help you format quotes, and you’ll learn what constitutes plagiarism.

How to cite sources

With all the many ways in which you can plagiarize someone’s work, whether accidentally or on purpose, how can you make sure that you cite your sources correctly every time? One way is to familiarize yourself with reliable sources that will help you learn or confirm that the way you cite your source is correct.

PurdueOWL contains writing guides, grammar rules, and citation help that will help you with many writing projects. They offer a detail formatting guide for APA / IEEE which contains full examples for just about any source you can use in footnotes / endnotes, in-text citations, and reference lists. For ACM quote style visit the ACM referral and formatting page.

Zotero is the ideal tool to gather, analyze and document all your sources. It is compatible with GriffinSearch and other library databases, allowing you to record citations and articles as you search. Visit the Zotero website to learn more or drop by the library for help getting started.

What is plagiarism?

Plagiarism means taking someone else’s work or ideas and trying to pass them off as your own. Plagiarism can be intentional or unintentional, and even the most careful writer could accidentally plagiarize without fully knowing it. For example, did you know that it is plagiarism even if you attribute a quote to the wrong author? Even if you have cited the source and taken care to put it in your bibliography, if the wrong person has been credited for someone else’s work, it can still be considered plagiarism. Other forms of plagiarism include:

  • Copy and paste someone else’s work and make it like yours
  • Using a quote from someone without giving them credit
  • Do not put a quote in quotes
  • Change a few words here and there, but keep the main ideas of a sentence without giving credit to the original author
  • Copy images from Google or another website to use without saying where you found the image

Of course, all of these potential plagiarism scenarios can be avoided by knowing how to cite your sources correctly.


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AFRL designated as a research center in quantum information sciences


USAF Air Force Research Laboratory is now referred to as the Quantum Information Science Research Center for the US Air Force and US Space Force.

This designation, signed by then Acting Secretary of the Air Force John P. Roth in an April 23 memorandum, gives AFRL the power to achieve a faster military capability based on quantum information science, said the AFRL commander. Major General Heather Pringle.

“AFRL is extremely proud and has long been recognized nationally for its deep technical expertise in QIS with wide-ranging applications including clocks and sensors for quantum positioning, navigation and synchronization, communications and networks. quantum, and quantum computing,“Said Pringle. “This designation allows AFRL to expand its collaborations between government, industry and academia, further accelerating research, development and deployment of quantum technologies. “

To support these efforts, AFRL’s Information Directorate, located in Rome, New York, will receive FY2020 funds from the Information Science Research and Development Program. quantum defense and national defense authorization law. The funds help the Rome Lab to secure partnerships to gain more knowledge from world leaders in quantum science applications, said Dr Michael Hayduk, deputy director of the Information Directorate.

Shown is a cryogenic refrigerator installed in the Quantum Information and Sciences Laboratory of the Information Directorate of the Air Force Research Laboratory in Rome, NY The device is used by AFRL researchers to measure energy and the coherence times of superconducting quantum bits, called qubits, two important characteristics that determine how long qubits can retain quantum information.  (Courtesy photo)

Shown is a cryogenic refrigerator installed in the Quantum Information and Sciences Laboratory at the Air Force Research Laboratory’s Information Directorate in Rome, NY The device is used by AFRL researchers to measure bit energy and coherence times Superconducting quantum, called qubits, two important characteristics that determine how long qubits can hold quantum information. (Photo courtesy of USAF)

“With this designation, AFRL fully intends to further advance the application of quantum technologies throughout the Department of the Air Force,” said Hayduk. “AFRL will expand its global network of QIS collaborators by drawing on both industrial and academic expertise. These partnerships are essential not only to accelerate the deployment of QIS technologies, but also to develop the future workforce needed to meet emerging national security challenges.

REMARK:

In 2020, during the final stage of the Trump administration, the United States announced its intention to invest $ 765 million over the next 5 years in ten scientific centers dedicated to the study of artificial intelligence (AI) and quantum information sciences (QIS), like quantum computing. Many private tech companies such as IBM, Google and Intel will also contribute to the two pushes, which require a total investment of more than $ 1 billion in research.

DISCLAIMER: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of IndraStra Global.

COPYRIGHT: This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 international license. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

REPUBLIC: Republish our articles online or in print for free if you follow these guidelines. https://www.indrastra.com/p/republish-us.html


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5 trends in computer science research

We are in the digital age where our lives depend on the Internet of Things. A career in IT attracts the highest starting points in salaries. The career opportunities are plentiful and this gives experts a wide range of choices for IT professionals. Technology is changing and this has opened up a wide range of career opportunities for IT experts.

Let’s take a look at five of the trends making waves in the tech industry.

1. Cybersecurity

Statistics from the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics show that cybersecurity jobs will increase by 28% between 2016 and 2026. That’s faster than the average predicted for all occupations. There are concerns about the availability of qualified graduates to fill expected vacancies. We are in a world that has become a global village where everything we do is connected to the Internet. The fear of big data calls for data protection on the web. For individuals and nations, there is a need for research in computer science that will give way to the successful unfolding of the challenges of life.

2. Bioinformatics

This involves the use of program and software developments to develop large amounts of data sets that will be useful for the realization of targeted biological information for research purposes. It is an area that is increasingly in demand with great opportunities for IT experts. There is a high demand for graduates in biology, medical technology, pharmaceuticals and computer science. There is a link between large pharmaceutical companies and the IT field.

3. The place of computers in education

The reality of the pandemic that has gripped the education sector has resulted in the need for virtual classrooms. It made education simple for students by providing personalized modules for students. This will free teachers from the task of paying special attention to students. This field is still growing and it has the prospect of bringing fun learning based on the game.

4. Big data

Data is vital for every organization. The loss of data on the web page will spoil the prospects of the best brand of the agency. The realm of big data analytics serves to protect virtually every sector of the economy; it is necessary for the security of data which will travel millions of kilometers in space. The field of big data analytics offers great opportunities for everyone.

5. Robotis and AI (artificial intelligence)

The prediction that robots will soon replace humans in virtually every aspect of work has made this industry very lucrative. The global robotics industry is estimated to be worth US $ 80 billion by 2024. This is an area that holds great promise for computer science graduates. Tech giants like FaceBook and IBM are investing heavily in AI research based on the huge sums of money they have invested in research efforts in this direction. There will always be room to absorb experts in this area.


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How India is adding the muscle of biotechnology to its polar science research, explained

Biotechnological applications of polar microbes have been identified as a key area of ​​interest. In addition, as highlighted in a series of MoES tweets, the proposed center will need to study the relationship between climate change and the emergence of infectious diseases, derive products from nature that could be valuable to industry, identify compounds. for purposes such as preventing infections, and exploring new molecules for commercial use.

The MoES-DBT collaboration will jointly identify other areas for action over time.

As a first step, the researchers will submit proposals to carry out research using the existing polar stations of the MoES. However, joint laboratories will be set up in the future so that researchers do not have to move samples to and from laboratories in India to perform experiments.

“We have done research in the Arctic, the Antarctic and the Himalayas – the three poles – but unfortunately we do not have expertise in biological sciences. DBT has the expertise, so we want to work together, ”said Dr M Ravichandran, director of the National Center for Polar and Oceanic Research (NCPOR), Swarajya.

Based in Goa, NCPOR is India’s premier R&D institution responsible for the country’s research activities in the Polar and Southern Ocean regions. It is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, which is the nodal ministry of polar research in India.

According to Dr Ravichandran, the joint MoES-DBT effort will focus on “bioprospecting” and microbiology research.

Bioprospecting is the abbreviation for prospecting for biodiversity. It is the systematic study of bio-resources, such as plants and microorganisms, with the aim of developing products of commercial value for pharmaceutical, agricultural and other applications, and globally for the good of society. .

The bioprospecting process goes through the stages of sample collection, isolation, characterization and translation through to product development and commercialization, notes the United Nations Development Program in its report. 2016 on the subject.

“Bioprospecting, when properly regulated, generates income that can be directly linked to biodiversity conservation and the benefit of local communities,” the report says.

With eyes on bioprospecting and other biology research, India aims to add the muscle of biotechnology to the science it conducts in the polar region.

“We want to encourage cold climate polar biotechnology studies to strengthen the field of polar research,” said Dr Ravichandran.

Small-scale polar biology research is underway in India. The work is carried out by very few people and usually includes researchers from different universities and institutes whose proposals are accepted by NCPOR.

The Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology, the Wildlife Institute of India, the Zoological Survey of India and the Hindu University of Banaras are among the institutes that have fields such as microbiology and wildlife ecology at the poles.

Much of the biology over the past decade has involved the study of bacterial diversity and adaptability in snow and ice, both in terrestrial and marine environments in the region.

However, there is now a feeling that India can do more in polar biology.

The regions around the North and South Poles – north of the Arctic or south of the Antarctic Circles, respectively – are important natural laboratories for scientific research.

Much of the land and sea area of ​​this region remains unexplored and this is where the opportunity lies for researchers to find answers to scientific questions.

India’s engagement with the polar regions goes back a long way. It started with the signing of the in February 1920 to initiate formal links with the Arctic. Getting into the Antarctic region took longer, but finally started when India launched its first Antarctic expedition in 1981.

Now, four decades later, India is participating in its 40th scientific expedition to Antarctica in January 2021.


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Dr Jitendra Proposes India’s First National Scientific Research University

Union Minister Dr Jitendra Singh speaking to scientists and officers at Technology Bhawan in New Delhi on Saturday.
Union Minister Dr Jitendra Singh speaking to scientists and officers at Technology Bhawan in New Delhi on Saturday.

Excelsior correspondent
NEW DELHI, July 10: Minister of State of the Union (Independent Charge) Science and Technology, Minister of State (Independent Charge) Earth Sciences; MoS PMO, Staff, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh today proposed that the Department of Science and Technology (DST) strive to create the first National Scientific and Technological Research University of India, to take advantage of the research strength of its various autonomous research and development institutions working in the field of science and technology.
Speaking to the scientists and officials of Technology Bhawan here, Dr Jitendra Singh said that India today is ranked 3rd in the world in terms of research publications and number 9 in the world for the quality of research publications. in reputable and recognized SCI journals. Even though, he said, India’s global ranking in terms of research paper quality has dropped from number 14 to number 9, our concerted effort should be to be among the world’s No. 5 for research papers. quality research when India celebrates 75 years of independence.
The Minister referred to the special emphasis Prime Minister Narendra Modi placed on science and technology and said that it was thanks to the personal intervention of the Prime Minister that in 2016 the patent law was passed. less regulatory and more incentive, which not only leads to ease of work but also reduces the time required to improve patents. Not only that, over the past 7 years there has been a gradual increase in the number of resident patents filed, the number of full-time equivalent researchers (FTEs) and the number of female scientists, he added.
The Minister stressed the need to focus on an increasing number of beneficiaries in human resource related programs such as MANAK, INSPIRE, doctoral and postdoctoral fellowships and other programs.
Further stressing the need to project the successes of DST when India celebrates its 75th anniversary, i.e. Bharat Ka Amrit Mahotsav, the Minister asked DST to present important goals and plans for 2022. It s It is clear that during the 75th year of independence in 2022, DST will aim to launch 7,500 ITS-based start-ups, 750,000 students from 6 to 10 classes participating in MANAK Award programs. In addition, under the Vigyan Jyoti program, DST will target 75,000 female students benefiting from the program by 2022. Dr Jitendra Singh called on all DST institutions and scientists to wholeheartedly participate in the 75th year of independence. of India to celebrate what science and scientists have contributed to India all these years.
Earlier, the Minister was greeted by Secretary, Professor DST Ashutosh Sharma, as well as others including Professor Sandeep Verma, SERB Secretary, Vishvajit Sahai, AS&FA, Anju Bhalla, JS (Admin), Sunil Kumar, JS (SMP) and Dr Akhilesh Gupta, Chief, PCPM. In addition, the chief accountant, division heads of scientific divisions and officers of the administrative wings of the department attended the meeting.


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Cheating on scientific research occurs frequently with increased publication pressure

Scientists pressured to publish are more likely to be guilty of questionable research practices, according to an integrity study according to the NRC.

The results of Lex Bouter’s National Research Integrity Survey showed that more than half of Dutch scientists routinely break scientific rules by omitting unwanted research results, concealing methodological issues, or citing meaningfully. selective scientific literature. About eight percent of scientists have even identified or falsified research results in the past three years.

The investigation found a link between the violation of scientific procedures and a number of external factors. Scientists who thought they needed to publish an article as quickly as possible to receive funding were more likely to be guilty of questionable research practices. Men and early-career scientists were also more likely to forge results.

On the other hand, if the researchers felt that their article would be thoroughly reviewed by their peers, they were less likely to commit fraud.

“Maybe not very shocking, Bouter notes, but this is the first time that it has been drawn this way. Please note: these are associations. Our research does not actually determine cause and effect. It is therefore not a given that if we refuse the publication pressure, this behavior will immediately diminish. “

The integrity survey was sent to employees of 22 Dutch universities and medical centers. Questions were asked about scientifically inappropriate behavior and the factors that could possibly influence it. In total, Bouter sent over 63,000 surveys and got a response rate of 21%.

Science Minister Ingrid van Engeloven called the results “worrying” and “an important signal” that something is wrong with science. The minister said she wanted to discuss with the universities how to resolve the problem. “Shouldn’t we value the work of scientists differently? She asked herself. “So that they are not paid only for the number of publications but also for what they contribute to research, education and their impact on society.”

Participants were allowed to answer the most sensitive questions anonymously. “This technique is also used in investigations into doping in sport and social security abuses. This leads to a two to three times higher percentage of people admitting to breaking the rules, ”Bouter said.

Bouter stressed that the investigation reflected the actions of individuals and not on Dutch science as a whole. However, it is unlikely that the number of scientists who commit fraud is actually lower. “In any case, they will not be much lower because I cannot imagine that the respondents have admitted mistakes that they did not make,” thought Bouter.


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Gender bias in science? Research written by women is cited much less than projects led by men

PHILADELPHIA, Pennsylvania – As the gender gap in STEM slowly narrows, a new study illustrates just how far modern science has to go to view male and female scientists as equals. You might think that people judge any research project by its findings and methodology, not by its authors. Unfortunately, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania report that scientific papers with female authors receive far less attention than similar studies by male scientists. According to the results, this is especially the case when women are the primary and primary perpetrators.

Researchers analyzed a total of 5,554 articles published in five of the top academic medical journals between 2015 and 2018 for this project. Within this group, 35.6% of the studies had a female principal author and 25.8% had a female principal author.

On average, other researchers cited studies in which a woman was the lead author 36 times. Meanwhile, other studies have referred to reports primarily written by men an average of 54 times. Likewise, the scientific community cited an average of 37 times articles with senior female authors, compared to an average of 51 references for senior male authors. Studies that included a female principal and principal author received the fewest citations on average (33) in other works. Articles written primarily by men, however, received the most references, with an average of 59 references.

“The number of times a peer-reviewed article cited by other researchers is commonly used as a measure of academic recognition, influence, as well as in professional reviews and promotions,” says lead author Paula Chatterjee, MD, MPH, assistant professor of General Internal Medicine at Penn Medicine, in a university outing. “Women academics already face a number of barriers to career advancement, and the disparity in citations only widens the gap between them and their male peers. “

Is the science gap even bigger than it looks?

The research team also notes that a number of included studies appear in specialized journals in the field of internal medicine. This is worth mentioning because internal medicine generally has more female specialists than other clinical specialties. This may suggest that these results, if any, may in fact be sub-sale how drastic the gap is between male and female quotes.

“Gender disparities in quotes are just one way to look at inequalities in academic medicine. Our results highlight that the disparities stem in part from inequalities in the recognition and amplification of research. This imbalance will not be resolved by hiring and mentoring more women alone, ”concludes lead author Rachel Werner, MD, PhD, executive director of the Leonard Davis Institute for Health Economics. “We also need to ensure that women already in academic medicine are also valued and promoted for their contributions and successes. From journals publishing this work to academic institutions promoting articles once published, everyone should be involved in bridging this gender gap.

The team published its results in the review JAMA network open.


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Engineering graduate receives Rader Prize for research in network science

Henry Carscadden broadens his horizons, both as a member of the US Space Force and as a computer scientist.

Carscadden, who graduated from the University of Virginia in May, received a Louis T. Rader Undergraduate Research Award, from the Department of Computer Science at the School of Engineering, for his work at UVA’s Biocomplexity Institute, where scientists use mathematical and computer sciences to solve problems. These awards are given to undergraduate students based on their academic performance, ability to get along with people, and demonstrated ability to work hard.

Carscadden, from Goochland, has more than research in its future. While a ROTC Air Force cadet at University, Carscadden, who earned degrees in computer science and math, is now a member of the US Space Force.

“Last summer, all Air Force cadets except those headed for flight were given the opportunity to apply to serve in the Space Force instead of the Air Force,” he said. he declared. “Prior to this opportunity, I had been very interested in operations research work in the Air Force due to its research style environment.”

Carscadden, who was one of five members of his ROTC class to opt for the Space Force, believes the potential of space is to transform the Earth’s economy.

“For example, the launch of initiatives such as Starlink [a satellite internet system being built by SpaceX] could provide high-speed, high-availability Internet access to rural communities, which could promote more uniform economic development, ”said Carscadden. “That being said, I see no real use for humans in space at this point outside of scientific progress. As far as I know, the current value of space to humanity consists of spacecraft without pilot providing a certain service. “

Carscadden conducts research in network science at the Biocomplexity Institute and his work on complex networks has won him the Rader Prize.

“The idea of ​​network science is that you can divide a system into atomic units and define local interactions between the units to understand the system as a whole,” Carscadden said. “Many systems work this way, the spread of contagion is one of them. “

Carscadden’s research focused on finding a way to efficiently allocate resources to block two contagions spreading simultaneously in a population.

“Multiple contagion is a newer area and we have focused on a simpler type of contagion model than disease,” he said. “We worked on blocking the spread of social contagions, like a certain type of fashion, on a network. This is important because we can try to extend these tools to real diseases to decide how to allocate scarce resources when multiple contagions spread through a population. “

Carscadden and his work are greatly appreciated at the institute.

“In general, the quality of the students in the computer science department is excellent and many of them participate in research with faculty members,” SS Ravi, lecturer-researcher at the Biocomplexity Institute. “The price is very competitive. We proposed Henry since his distinguished major project resulted in a conference publication and was subsequently invited to a journal. Henry is the co-author of several other articles which discuss certain software subsystems within a cyber infrastructure for network science. We were delighted that Henry was chosen as one of the winners.

Ravi said that Chris Kuhlman, Associate Research Professor, and Dustin Machi, Senior Software Architect, both at the Biocomplexity Institute, have worked closely with Carscadden and are very impressed with his analytical and programming skills.

“Henry is also a very sincere and humble person,” Ravi said. “He has the ability to quickly understand difficult concepts and algorithms. With a strong background in computer science and math, he also has the ability to quickly think through different approaches to solving a problem and identify which one is most appropriate for a given situation. He needs very little supervision. I have enjoyed working with him for the past two years.

Carscadden is also working on another project at the institute.

“As part of a project funded by the National Science Foundation, we are developing a scalable and ubiquitous cyber infrastructure that can be used by researchers around the world to study problems related to the science and engineering of networks.” said Madhav Marathe, professor emeritus in biocomplexity. and the Carscadden thesis director. “Henry is part of the project and has supported the development of a number of innovative software modules; some of this work will be published at the next Winter Simulation conference.

Carscadden will continue his research at the Biocomplexity Institute, where he has worked since 2019, while waiting to enter active service. He plans to start working on a master’s program at the Air Force Institute of Technology at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio.

“I chose to work at the Biocomplexity Institute because I wanted to learn more about data science,” he said. “Before entering active service, I was working on a web application to allow researchers to work on complex network problems without writing a lot of code.”

Marathe describes Carscadden as “conscientious, brilliant and hardworking”.

“He is diligent and takes the work entrusted to him seriously,” said Marathe. “I believe he has a bright future and I have no doubts that he will carry out all of the duties assigned to him in a very thoughtful manner and exceed the expectations of his mentors and supervisors. Henry has already published three articles, which is no small feat for an undergraduate student. He also supported ongoing projects and did all of this while majoring in computer science and math while serving at ROTC. It is an exceptional achievement. “

Marathe said Carscadden receiving the Rader Undergraduate Research Award was a first for the institute.

“It’s a very prestigious award and we’re delighted to see Henry get it,” said Marathe. “… We are a young institute and personally believe that this will motivate other students to work hard and achieve academic excellence as well. “

Marathe said the price is also important because of its subject matter.

“Our institute is one of the leaders in the field of network science,” he said. “The award then shows how young researchers can participate in ongoing collaborative research on cutting-edge topics. In addition, our institute carries out transdisciplinary team science. Henry worked as a team, was advised by several faculty members and researchers, and collaborated with a number of students. This way of doing research at a university is unique. We believe that this way of doing science on large, complex problems is the way of the future. “

Carscadden’s life is about more than research. Self-taught guitarist, he learned some country tunes. Echols Fellow and Intermediate Award Recipient, he was a member of the UVA Climbing Club and St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic Church. He has also volunteered locally, including with the Catholic Hoos Homelessness Ministry and planning and attending service events for the Air Force ROTC unit.


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